Theoretical Framework

This framework covers the three essentials that I find to be pertinent to my teaching.  Although this is a framework deigned for American schools I find that it still covers the areas the I wish to excel at during my teaching career.  This framework provides useful information that helps to control the curriculum and pedagogy that I will be teaching.

This framework is primarily split into three main parts which rotate in no particular order with an overarching philosophy of goals that help to reinforce the concept that education is for everybody and that there are no limits to what can be achieved.  It also includes that the community outside the classroom is needed to be included with education.




  1. Develop Annual Student Achievement Goals
    During the planning stages the teacher sets goals for the students that focus around the Essential Learning’s. These goals allow the student to have clear expectations of what is expected of them.
  2. Create Standards-Based Unit Plans and Assessments
    It is important for the teacher to plan for the entire year.  In this way the teacher can see at a glance that they have covered all the required Essential Learning’s for the grade.  Long term planning also assists with the time tabling to ensure adequate time is spend for the content.
  3. Create Objective-Driven Daily Lessons
    As the teacher gets to know their students throughout the year, the teacher can therefore re-evaluate the teaching strategies used to create meaningful lessons that will relate to their students.

Learning Environment

  1. Adopt A Classroom Behaviour Management System
    Behaviour strategies are vital within the classroom with them the class quickly loses focus can become a problem for the teacher and the students themselves by not enabling learning.  An effective behaviour system ensures that the teacher and students are working to their fullest potential.  Negotiating this in the beginning with the students allows the student to know what the expectations are so that increased learning time can be obtained.
  2. Organise Classroom Space and Materials
    Having an organised space to learn in allows for a more fluid teaching experience.  Using seating arrangements and materials that are easily accessible will enable both the teacher and students to move freely around without fuss will result in less disturbance allowing increased concentration time.  I like having timetables displayed as the students and I can easily see what is coming up next and it gives the students clear expectations of what to expect.


  1. Focus Students On Lesson Objectives
    It is important for students to have a clear and upfront objective about the content that they are learning.  This is because then they can monitor their progress and they can also maintain a clear understanding of what is expected of them.
  2. Deliver Content Clearly
    It is very important for a teacher to deliver factually correct content as the the student refers this knowledge as a primary source.  As previously stated having clear instructions and objectives allows for students to have a deeper understanding.  Clear precise instruction is required at all times thus to minimise confusion and speculation fro the students.
  3. Engage All Student Learning
    It is important for the teacher to actively employ strategies to help keep their students engaged in the lessons being taught.  An adequate behaviour management system will help with this.  The teacher must utilise strategies to help capture the students focus and attention throughout
  4. Target Multiple Learning Styles
    Since all students have differing learning styles it is important for the teacher to utilise multiple learning styles.  It is highly possible for some students to fully miss out on the concept being taught until another learning style is engaged.
  5. Check For And Respond To Student Understanding
    To ensure an effective lesson the teacher must check for student understandings. If it becomes known that the students are not understanding then the teacher must take action to refocus the question by breaking it up into smaller manageable parts.  Utilising different questioning styles will also help the teacher check for understanding.  Also by asking the student for a little more clarification to an answer to determine understanding.
  6. Maximise Instructional Time
    The teacher must try to employ efficient use of teaching time in order to maximise teaching time.  There can be many distractions that can happen throughout the day and the teacher must be willing to be flexible as well as be mindful of this lost time.  This lost time means that the teacher may have to restructure the existing lessons to make sure that this lost time can be made up.
  7. Invest Students In Their Learning
    It has been found that by being positive and encouraging, the students will then have a sense that they are willing to have a go at the new challenges that they will face.
  8. Interact Positively And Respectfully With Students
    Effective teachers who interact with respectful manner will receive respect in return. If the classroom has positive interactions then the students will feel that the classroom is a safe and enjoyable place for learning.  This attitude can be extended beyond the classroom into the playground as well.
  9. Reinforce Positive Behaviour, Redirect Off-task Behaviour and De-escalate Challenging Behaviour
    By limiting negative behaviour the teacher is able to then maximise teaching time and provide a safe and productive learning environment.  The teacher must recognise the signs of negative behaviour before it escalates to a point where it can become uncontrollable.  This may take a while until the teacher develops a deeper understanding of the students.

Increase Effectiveness

  1. Assess Student Progress
    Well designed assessment strategies will allows teachers to develop a deeper evaluation of a students understanding.  The teacher must also utilise a wide array of methods that will record multiple assessment results.  If it can be determined that a student has not fully understood the concepts being taught then the teacher must re-evaluate and re-teach using another strategy.
  2. Track Student Progress Data
    It is important to have a consistent updated overview of the assessment results of a student in order for the teacher to be made aware of the level of understanding each student has in proportion to the Essential Learning’s and curriculum.
  3. Improve Practice And Re-teach In Response To Data
    An effective teacher can look at the entire class data and after analysis and reflection of this data the teacher can then modify the teaching strategies used.  This is important as it will soon become apparent that if not checked often enough then time will run out for opportunities to re-teach the concepts to the students.

Outside comments

These outside comments provide and encompassing framework that helps to bind the inner importance of Planning, Teaching and Increase Effectiveness.

  • All children, regardless of background or circumstance can achieve at the highest levels.
  • Achievement is a function of effort, not innate ability.
  • We have the power and responsibility to close the achievement gap.
  • Our schools must be caring and supportive environments.
  • It is critical to engage our students’ families and communities as valued partners.
  • Our decisions at all levels must be guided by robust data.
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